people started to build these tombs in 332 B.C., when
the temple of Alexander the Great was built in this
area. This temple is located about 1 km from the mummies
and is one of the many temples in Egypt built for Alexander
the Great. He is shown in the temple sanctuary giving
an offering to the god Amon-Re and his cartouche is
also shown. I think that Alexander went to Memphis through
Bahariya; therefore, they honoured him by building this
temple for him and Amon.
in this period reached its peak, contrary to what is
claimed about the deterioration of mummification in
the Roman period. The most important point about mummification
is that they started to put sticks made of reeds on
the right and left side of the mummy and cover the mummy
with linen. This method made the mummy very stable and
can last even longer that those mummies of the Pharaonic
preparation of mummies was done inside a workshop, "Wabt."
The god Anubis witnessed the entire process and behind
the bed were the jars that have on top the four children
to Egyptian religious beliefs, the heart of the deceased
will be placed on a scale and on the other side of the
scale is the feather of "Maat," the goddess
of truth. If the scale is not balanced, a huge animal
is waiting to eat the deceased. But if it balanced,
the god Horus will take the deceased to meet the god
Osiris (god of the afterlife and agriculture) and the
goddess Isis. Then the deceased will enjoy the life
in the fields of paradise of the Egyptians.
made two key decisions on the morning of my departure
from Bahariya. The first was to move 5 mummies to a
room within the Inspectorate of Antiquities: two female
mummies, one man, and two children.
second decision was to transport the mummy with linen
to the X-ray lab in Cairo. The team was surrounding
me, and the workmen were moving the tents. The conservators
were wrapping the mummy and putting it inside a wooden
box. The workmen put the mummy in the truck to go to
Shaker asked me, how we are going to identify the mummy?
I said: Mr. or Mrs. X.
next day, I went to my office near the great pyramid
and met with Dr. Azza Sari El Din, the X-ray expert.
We went to the lab and saw the mummy. Aza brought the
X- Ray, which revealed that this was Mr. X who died
at the age of 35 without any disease.