opened four squares and excavated four tombs. Every
two archaeologists were in charge of one square
and 15 workmen. At the same time, an architect was
preparing a site map, the electrician was rigging
up thee electricity, and the restorers and conservators
were ready with chemicals, waiting for the mummies
I was giving directions in every square. The
first square was very interesting because we could
see the brilliance of the gold in the sun. The mummies
with gold began to appear. The first was the mummy
of a female. The height of this lady is about 1.55
m. It was apparent that this mummy's face and waistcoat
were covered with gold; the decoration of the waistcoat
was divided into three sections but with addition
of two circular disks representing breasts.
central section of the lady mummy begins at the top
with a scene of a box or coffin from which appears a
head with two wings. This scene may represent the soul
of the deceased during her rebirth. Five decorative
circles define the base of this register. The second
register shows the recumbent figure of Anubis, "god
of Embalming," with a band of decorative triangles
below. The lower register was composed of two superimposed
squares, one gold and the other light red, with a black
ox painted in the centre. I stopped describing the wonderful
mummy of the lady, resting the pen against my forehead.
I looked to my left and right and saw that lots of mummies
had appeared. There were mummies of children, men, and
women, many in good condition. I told Noha Abdel Hafiaz,
the only lady in our expedition, to count the mummies
of this tomb.
continued the description of the first mummy and
found that the left side of the mummy has, in the
top register, three cobras bearing the sundisk on
their heads. A band of five circles creates a decorative
division between this scene and the next scenes,
which depict the four children of the god "Horus".
The woman has a beautiful crown with four decorative
rows of red-coloured curls. The hairstyle is similar
to that of the statues known as Terracotta. Behind
her ears appears the goddess Isis on one side and
Nephthys on the other. They protect the deceased
with their wings. The face is covered with plaster
and a thin layer of gold.
moved to the third square where we discovered a beautiful
pottery coffin. We archaeologists call this type of
coffin "Anthropoid coffin" because the face
of the deceased is represented in the shape of a man
and the rest of the coffin is in the shape of a body.
It is divided into two parts: the head and the body.
Inside the coffin we found another mummy.
excavation continued. Every day we started our work
at 6.30 a.m. We moved, ate and slept, and dreamt of
first square was finished. The style of the tomb was
clear and Noha came to me and informed me that this
tomb contained 43 mummies. No one can describe such
it was a festival of mummies.
walked in tomb No 54 which contained the 43 mummies.
The tomb is cut into the sandstone.
the tomb consists of an entrance and the "room
of handing over," or the delivery room. In this
room two people stood ready to hand the mummies to another
two men inside the tomb. Inside, two burial chambers
were cut in the sandstone.