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Graeco-Roman Alexandria

Little of the greatest city of antiquity remains to be seen today - although an international project to rebuild the Alexandria Library, which once housed laboratories, observatories and a library of over 500,000 volumes, will put Alexandria back on the map as an international center of learning.

The Roman Theatre

Over 30 years of excavation have led to the discovery of many Roman remains including this well-preserved theater with marble seats for up to 800 spectators, galleries and sections of mosaic-flooring. In Ptolemaic times this are was the Park of Pan, a pleasure garden surrounded by Roman villas and baths.

The Anfushi Tombs

Limestone tombs, dating from about 250BC and painted to simulate alabaster and marble, decorated with pictures of Egyptian gods and daily life - and graffiti dating from the same period.


Pompey's Pillar
A 25m red granite column constructed in honor of the Emperor Diocetian. This column originally formed the Temple of Serapis, once a magnificent structure rivaling the Soma and the Caesareum. Nearby are three sphinx and subterranean galleries where the sacred Apis bulls were buried.

The Catacombs Of Kom Es-Shoqafa
This warren of tombs, on three levels, contains the Triclinium, where relatives used to sit on stone benches to feast the dead, and a central tomb with reliefs of bearded serpents. Inside are 2nd century AD statues of Sobek and Anubis wearing Roman armor.

The Graeco-Roman Museum

The collection, which covers the period from the 3rd century BC to the 7th century AD, is a fascinating record of a civilization in the process of change as religions merged and society evolved. In Alexandria, Graeco-Roman and pharaonic religions mingled in the cult of Serapis. The shift from pagan religions to Christianity can also be seen in the exhibits which include mummies, Hellenistic statues, busts of Roman emperors, Tanagra figurines and early Christian antiquities.



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