of the greatest city of antiquity remains to be seen today
- although an international project to rebuild the Alexandria
Library, which once housed laboratories, observatories and
a library of over 500,000 volumes, will put Alexandria back
on the map as an international center of learning.
30 years of excavation have led to the discovery of many Roman
remains including this well-preserved theater with marble
seats for up to 800 spectators, galleries and sections of
mosaic-flooring. In Ptolemaic times this are was the Park
of Pan, a pleasure garden surrounded by Roman villas and baths.
tombs, dating from about 250BC and painted to simulate alabaster
and marble, decorated with pictures of Egyptian gods and daily
life - and graffiti dating from the same period.
A 25m red granite column constructed in honor of the Emperor
Diocetian. This column originally formed the Temple of Serapis,
once a magnificent structure rivaling the Soma and the Caesareum.
Nearby are three sphinx and subterranean galleries where the
sacred Apis bulls were buried.
Catacombs Of Kom Es-Shoqafa
This warren of tombs, on three levels, contains the Triclinium,
where relatives used to sit on stone benches to feast the
dead, and a central tomb with reliefs of bearded serpents.
Inside are 2nd century AD statues of Sobek and Anubis wearing
collection, which covers the period from the 3rd century BC
to the 7th century AD, is a fascinating record of a civilization
in the process of change as religions merged and society evolved.
In Alexandria, Graeco-Roman and pharaonic religions mingled
in the cult of Serapis. The shift from pagan religions to
Christianity can also be seen in the exhibits which include
mummies, Hellenistic statues, busts of Roman emperors, Tanagra
figurines and early Christian antiquities.