temple was built by the two pharaohs: Amenhotep lll and Ramses
ll. The temple was dedicated to Amun-Ra, whose marriage to
Mut was celebrated annually, when the sacred procession moved
by boat from Karnak to Luxor Temple.
remained the seat of power from 2100 to 750B.C. The entrance
is a huge pylon built by Ramses ll and has two seated statues
of the king. Originally, two large obelisks stood in front
of the pylon. However, only one remains, while the other now
stands in Place de la Concorde, in Paris. Beyond the pylon,
is the peristyle hall - built by Ramses ll - and bordered
on three sides by double rows of columns with bud papyrus
the north-eastern part of the hall is the Mosque of Abul Haggag.
The rest of the Temple was built by Amenhotep lll, starting
with the Colonade that has fourteen huge pillars in two rows.
Then we come to the large Court of Amenhotep
ll that is surrounded on three sides by double rows of pillars.
This leads to the hypostyle hall, containing 32 pillars, and
onto the Sancturay of the Sacred Boat. Finally, we reach the
four-columned Holiest of Holies: the Sanctuary of the Sacred
Sacred Lake, used for purification, lies outside the main
hall where there is a large statue of a scarab, dating to
Sound and Light Spectacle
spellbinding show, through the exquisite use of words, light
and music, tells the story of this magnificent temple.
is a religious compound of temples dedicated to Amun (symbol
of fertility and growth), his wife Mut and their son Khonsu
( the moon deity). Since the Arab conquest, it became known
as 'al-Karnak' : the Fort.
temple starts with the Avenue of the Rams, representing Amun:
symbol of fertility
and growth. Beneath the rams' heads, small statues of Ramses
ll were carved.
visit to Karnak would start by passing through the First Pylon,
dating to King Nekhtebo of the 30th Dyanasty, on to the large
forecourt where on the right are the chapels of the Thebes
Triad, dating to Seti ll. On the left, there's the Temple
of Ramses lll.
one finds the remnants of the Second Pylon which lead to the
large hypostyle hall which has 134 columns, with the double
row in the middle higher than the rest.
these are the remnants of the Third Pylon,before which stands
the obelisk of Tuthmosis l, and on to the fourth Plyon, guarded
by the obelisk of Hatshepsut.
are the remains of the Fifth Pylon, leading to the Holiest
of Holies. And finally there is the court, from the Middle
Kingdom, which leads to a large Hall of Ceremonies, dating
back to Tuthmosis lll.