has become one of the most popular leisure sports in the world.
The numbers of diving fans increases every year as does the
number of diving centers. Diving initially started in South
France and then moved to other countries including Britain,
Scotland, and Egypt among others.
became a tourist attraction in many diving supported countries.
People who are interested in diving usually pick the country
with the best diving sites for them. Diving introduces people
to another medium where different plants and animal life exist.
Underwater is very quiet and many people enjoy diving because
it makes them escape from the civilized and noisy world. Others
enjoy the 3 dimensions movement that diving allows. When underwater,
you become weightless and have zero buoyancy; moreover, you
can move up and down only by filling and emptying your lungs.
This is similar to outer space experience. Some people consider
diving an adventure where they can venture into the unknown.
Many divers are motivated when they realise what they can
discover underwater. They become especially challenged when
they find out the many important discoveries made by amateur
divers. Old shipwrecks also attract many divers. However,
the more sophisticated divers dive to study, research, and
explore new areas and search for the unknown.
is a sport that can be done by anyone; however, some precautions
should be taken. Many people consider diving as an adventure
that might carry some risks. Diving requires a certain degree
of physical fitness. You do not have to be athletic to exercise
such a sport, but occasional exercises will do. Diving is
also usually practiced in a group. Tourists who do not have
experience in diving are given a short training course. First,
they are trained in a sheltered area, normally swimming pools,
before going into the real adventure. The training also includes
instruction on the diving equipment and usage. This course
is enough for beginners; however, to pursue a higher level
of diving, further training is given enabling which will enable
you to dive without an instructor. For a more sophisticated
level, an Advanced Diver Grade could be sought leading to
an instructor level. Although diving can be done by anyone,
people who suffer from certain diseases like epilepsy, mental
illness, diabetes and heart diseases are not advised to exercise
diving. Nonetheless, medical examinations are required before
divers go down to 9 meters (thirty feet) underwater. This
depth is sufficient to see the beauty of the sea. Usually
the sea has blue green shades that keep the sunrays from penetrating
the sea. Colours are muted as the sunlight filters the depths.
However, the sea regains all its colors by an underwater lamp
and only then would you be able to see the most colourful
layer of the sea.
in the Red Sea was first started by Austrian zoologist Dr.
Hans Hass, a well-known underwater moviemaker.
diving tourism started in the 1950s when Greeks and Italians
workers, residing in Egypt, started diving for spearfishing.
However, the real tourism boom started in the 1980s when Hurghada
spearfishing is now banned; many of the protected areas have
been reopened for tourism diving with harsh restriction. Diving
in Red Sea is a fascinating experience but to return thus,
laws have to be respected. The underwater world despite all
its beauty could be dangerous and hostile if you did not understand
its codes and respect them. In the Red Sea coral reefs has
to be protected and the divers have to respect that.
Reefs are the theme of diving in the Red Sea, and are the
main tourist attraction. Almost 2,000 kilometer in length,
the coral reefs along the Red Sea cost are the fringing types.
They are in the form of fringes that lie parallel to the shoreline.
These reefs are distant from land forming underwater islands
which extend to within a few feet of the water surface. They
are coral plates that vary in size from between 10 meters
to 1 Kilometer. These coral islands are very well illustrated
in Sharm El Sheikh, Ras Mohamed, Gubal and Giftun.
The Red Sea has tropical sun, warm water, beautiful corals,
colourful fish, and crystal visibility. The weather is usually
hot and dry. This combination makes a very good diving environment.
The Red Sea is divided into areas and each having different
There are dozens of diving sites in Sharm El Sheikh
1. The Strait of Tiran:
is among the finest diving sites in the Red Sea. It
lies at the mouth of the Gulf of Aqaba. There are four main
coral reefs in this region; Jackson Reef, Woodhouse Reef,
Thomas Reef and Gordon Reef. All named after the English officers
who drew the first marine map of this region. This area is
full of infinite number of corals, reef and pelagic.
Jackson Reef: is located in the northernmost reef in
Tiran and is known for its wrecks. Kormoran; for instance,
a German ship which sank in 1984, is about 80 meters long
and easily reached by scuba divers. Turtles and sharks could
be observed. This area is also suitable for snorkeling.
Woodhouse reef: located between Thomas Reef and Jackson
Reef is narrow and long. The site requires a drift dive and
good weather to enjoy a the dive. The water in this area is
clear and offers beautiful sights of sea turtles, jackfish
and many corals; moreover, it is one of the best site to observe
Thomas Reef: this part requires drift diving. It has
no mooring points and it is characterized with many caves
Gordon Reef: the diving in this spot is safe as there
is fixed mooring sheltered from the wind. This site is known
for the wreck of the Lovilla (or Lullia) which sank in 1981.
It is a good place for snorkeling.